Parkcity Dental

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Orthodontic Braces

Orthodontics braces ( also known as dental braces, or simply braces ) are used to align and correct teeth and jaws that are not properly positioned, and improving overall oral health. Crooked teeth and teeth that not correctly aligned are difficult to clean and can cause early lost of teeth due to tooth decay and periodontal disease. It also leads to extra stress on the chewing muscles that can cause headaches, TMJ syndrome and neck, shoulder and back pain.

Orthodontic treatment is also popular for one's cosmetic improvement. Crooked Teeth or teeth not in the right place can also affect one's appearance and demote social confidence.

Dental braces are often used with other orthodontic appliances to help widen the palate or jaws and to assist in shaping the teeth and jaws. 

If you've any of the below, you may be a candidate for orthodontic treatment:

  1. Over bite, also called "buck teeth" — the upper front teeth projected too far forward over the lower teeth, stucking out.
  2. Under bite — a "bulldog" appearance where the lower teeth are too far forward or the upper teeth too far back
  3. Cross bite — when the upper teeth do not come down slightly in front of the lower teeth when biting together normally
  4. Open bite — space between the biting surfaces of the front and/or side teeth when the back teeth bite together
  5. Misplaced middle line— when the center of your upper front teeth does not line up with the center of your lower front teeth
  6. Spacing — gaps, or spaces, between the teeth as a result of missing teeth or teeth that do not "fill up" the mouth
  7. Crowding — when there are too many teeth for the dental ridge to accommodate.





Many different types of appliances, both fixed and removable, are used to help move teeth, retrain muscles and affect the growth of the jaws. These appliances work by placing gentle pressure on the teeth and jaws. The severity of your problem will determine which orthodontic approach is likely to be the most effective.


Fixed appliances include:

Braces — the most common fixed appliances, braces consist of bands, wires and/or brackets. Bands are fixed around the teeth or tooth and used as anchors for the appliance, while brackets are most often bonded to the front of the tooth. Arch wires are passed through the brackets and attached to the bands. Tightening the arch wire puts tension on the teeth, gradually moving them to their proper position. Braces are usually adjusted monthly to bring about the desired results, which may be achieved within a few months to a few years. Today's braces are smaller, lighter and show far less metal than in the past. They come in bright colors for kids as well as clear styles preferred by many adults.

Special fixed appliances — used to control thumb sucking or tongue thrusting, these appliances are attached to the teeth by bands. Because they are very uncomfortable during meals, they should be used only as a last resort.

Fixed space maintainers — if a baby tooth is lost prematurely, a space maintainer is used to keep the space open until the permanent tooth erupts. A band is attached to the tooth next to the empty space, and a wire is extended to the tooth on the other side of the space.


Removable appliances include:

Aligners — an alternative to traditional braces for adults, serial aligners are being used by an increasing number of orthodontists to move teeth in the same way that fixed appliances work, only without metal wires and brackets. Aligners are virtually invisible and are removed for eating, brushing and flossing.

Removable space maintainers — these devices serve the same function as fixed space maintainers. They're made with an acrylic base that fits over the jaw, and have plastic or wire branches between specific teeth to keep the space between them open.

Jaw repositioning appliances — also called splints, these devices are worn on either the top or lower jaw, and help train the jaw to close in a more favorable position. They may be used for temporomandibular joint disorders (TMJ).

Lip and cheek bumpers — these are designed to keep the lips or cheeks away from the teeth. Lip and cheek muscles can exert pressure on the teeth, and these bumpers help relieve that pressure.

Palatal expander — a device used to widen the arch of the upper jaw. It is a plastic plate that fits over the roof of the mouth. Outward pressure applied to the plate by screws force the joints in the bones of the palate to open lengthwise, widening the palatal area.

Removable retainers — Retainers are used to keep teeth in place once braces are removed. It takes time for your teeth to settle into their new position. By wearing a retainer, you can prevent your teeth from shifting. Some retainers may be removable. Others are fixed -- bonded behind your teeth. Some retainers are made of clear plastic and metal wires. Others are made of rubber. And like braces, retainers can make a statement if you choose. There are glow-in-the-dark retainers or retainers customized with a picture.

Headgear — the appliance is attached to the braces from the back of the head and can be removed. As with rubber bands, headgear are used when extra force is needed to move the teeth and jaws. If a headgear is needed, it usually only has to be worn at night while sleeping or at home.

In the past, braces and other orthodontic treatments were reserved for teenagers and pre-teens who had issues with their bite. Today however, there are a number of options available for adults. In fact, in today’s dentistry, nearly 30 percent of all orthodontic treatments are applied on adults. This is a growing trend, but it’s important to remember that early orthodontic treatment will be more effective. Consult our orthodontics specialist for the best treatment for you and your love ones. 

Make an appointment with us today . Call us at 03-62611848 or 03-62808048


How to take care your Braces ?

  1. Brush your teeth and the dental braces twice a day. You may want to use a special toothbrush called a inter-dental tooth brush or "Christmas tree brush" that's specially designed for cleaning in between braces.
  2. Brush your teeth for at least two minutes. Be sure to get under the wires. Use your brush at a 45-degree angle. Brush from the top and the bottom of each wire. 
  3. Thread the floss string and push it down under the wires between your brackets. Remember to floss every tooth, even the ones in the far back. You may want to ask your dentist for "super floss," a strong type of floss made for cleaning around dental braces.
  4. Gently clean between brackets (under the wires) with the wire brush to get all the plaque off. You might be given you little chewy tablets that show you where the plaque is located. Use them after you have brushed and flossed to help you find any leftover plaque. You may want to use a water flosser to help you flush out any debris from under the wires.
  5. Use mouthwash to clean your mouth. Make sure that the mouthwash says it removes plaque. As an added bonus, it will give you nice breath.